Jackfruit in the Central African Republic

Jackfruit in the Central African Republic

In the large and underdeveloped country of the Central African Republic, access to information is rare and that is why FRB's Central African Republic-Gamboula Program is trialing new varieties of staple crops, vegetables, beans, fruits in order to determine their suitability to local conditions. They introduce successful varieties to communities via farmer cooperatives and train farmers in sustainable farming techniques via farmer-to-farmer extension.

Thanks to the tropical climate and dense forests, a large focus of the Gamboula program is native fruit tree cultivation. This includes many exotic varieties of fruit not commonly seen in North America. On such fruit is called the jackfruit... An excerpt from a blog post on jackfruit from FoodTank... 

Jackfruit, also commonly called Jak, Jaka, and Nangka, is a member of the Moraceae (Mulberry) family. Although its exact origin is not known, it is believed to be native to the rainforests of the Western Ghats on the western coast of India. Today, the tree is cultivated at low elevations in many countries around the world, including Burma, the Philippines, India, Kenya, Uganda, Ceylon, southern China, and Malaya.

Jackfruit trees are very tall, typically ranging in height from 30 to 70 feet (9 to 21 meters), with dark green, glossy, leathery leaves. Trees grow best in humid tropical or near-tropical climates. The plant cannot tolerate drought, so sufficient rainfall or irrigation is necessary, as is rich, deep soil and low altitude (from sea-level up to 1,500 meters).

The fruit will begin to mature three to eight months after flowering. When ripe, the exterior changes from a light green to a yellow color and the cone-like points covering the surface will yield to moderate pressure. Inside, there is a central pithy core. Surrounding the core is both tough, undeveloped bulbs and yellow, fleshy bulbs. Fully mature trees can bear up to 500 fruits annually, though a typical yield is 150 to 250 fruits per year.

Jackfruit is the largest tree-borne fruit in the world. ...follow the link to read the rest of the article on Food Tank.org.

Please consider supporting FRB's Central African Republic-Gamboula program's work with native fruit varieties like jackfruit. 


11/18/2013 | Comments: 0 | Add Comment